What are the subject-wise important topics for the UPSC CSE Mains?


The UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE) Mains covers a wide range of subjects, and the important topics can vary from year to year. However, here are some subject-wise important topics that are generally significant for the Mains:

1. General Studies (GS) Paper 1:Indian History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern IndiaIndian Culture and Art FormsWorld History and Post-Independence IndiaIndian Society, Social Issues, and Social Movements.

2. GS Paper 2 (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations):Indian Constitution: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles, and AmendmentsIndian Polity: Governance, Federalism, and Center-State RelationsSocial Justice: Rights of Vulnerable Sections, Welfare SchemesInternational Relations: Bilateral and Multilateral Relations.

3. GS Paper 3 (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management):Indian Economy: Economic Reforms, Sectors, and ChallengesAgriculture, Industry, and InfrastructureEnvironment and Ecology: Conservation, Climate Change, and BiodiversityInternal Security: Terrorism, Cybersecurity, and Border Issues.

4. GS Paper 4 

(Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude):Ethics and Values in Public AdministrationIntegrity and Probity in GovernanceCase Studies on Ethical Dilemmas.

5. Optional Subject (Choose based on your expertise and interest):

The important topics will depend on your chosen optional subject. Consult the syllabus and previous year’s question papers for guidance.

6. Essay Paper:

Current Affairs and Contemporary IssuesPhilosophical and Social TopicsHistorical and Political Themes.

To prepare effectively, it’s crucial to stay updated with current affairs, practice answer writing, and analyze previous year’s question papers to identify trends. Also, remember that the UPSC CSE syllabus is vast, so a comprehensive understanding of the

subjects is essential.