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Scheme of exam for direct recruitment of PRTs:

The written test is of 180 marks (180 objective type multiple choice questions) carrying 01 mark for each question. The duration of written test will be 180 minutes without any time limit for each part individually. Section name -Nature of Questions Part I – Proficiency in Languages (20 marks):

A. General English-10 questions B. General Hindi-10 questions

Part II — General awareness, Reasoning & Proficiency in Computers (20 marks)

7. General Awareness & Current Affairs (10 ques.)

8. Reasoning Ability (5 ques.)

9. Computer Literacy (5 ques.)

Part-Ill: Perspectives on Education and Leadership (60 questions)

(k) Understanding the Learner-(15 questions)

(I) Understanding Teaching Learning -(15 questions)

(m)Creating Conducive Learning Environment – (10 questions)

(n) School Organization and Leadership – (10 questions)

(o) Perspectives in Education ( 10 questions)

Part IV – Subject-specific Syllabus (80 marks)

Professional Competency Test: The Professional Competency Test is of 60 marks ( Demo Teaching -30 marks and Interview — 30 Marks).

Note: The weightage of Written Test & Professional Competency ( Demo Teaching:15 and Interview: 15 will be 70:30 Final merit list will be based on the performance of the candidate in Written Test & Professional Competency Test taken together.

Syllabus of exams for direct recruitment of PRTs:

Part I – Proficiency in Languages (20 marks)

(a) General English – Reading comprehension, word power, Grammar & usage

(b) General Hindi -पठन कौशल शब्द सामर्थ्य व्याकरण एवं प्रयुक्ति

Part II — General awareness, Reasoning & Proficiency in Computers (20 marks)

(m)General Awareness & Current Affairs

(n) Reasoning Ability

(o) Computer Literacy

Part Ill -Perspectives on Education and Leadership (60 marks)

(a) Understanding the Learner

• Concept of growth, maturation and development, principles and debates of development, development tasks and challenges

• Domains of Development: Physical, Cognitive, Socio-emotional, Moral etc., deviations in development and its implications.

• Understanding Adolescence: Needs, challenges and implications for designing institutional support.

• Role of Primary and Secondary Socialization agencies. Ensuring Home school continuity.

(b) Understanding Teaching Learning

• Theoretical perspectives on Learning – Behaviorism, Cognitivism and Constructivism with special reference to their implications for:

• The role of teacher

• The role of learner • Nature of teacher-student relationship

• Choice of teaching methods

• Classroom environment

• Understanding of discipline, power etc.

• Factors affecting learning and their implications for:

• Designing classroom instructions,

• Planning student activities and, • Creating learning spaces in school.

• Planning and Organization of Teaching-Learning

• Concept of Syllabus and Curriculum, Overt and Hidden Curriculum

• Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, Early Childhood Care and Education

• Competency based Education, Experiential learning, etc.

• Instructional Plans: -Year Plan, Unit Plan, Lesson Plan

• Instructional material and resources

• Information and Communication Technology(ICT) for teaching-learning

• Assessment of learning, for learning and as learning: Meaning, purpose and considerations in planning each.

• Enhancing Teaching Learning processes: Classroom Observation and Feedback, Reflections and Dialogues as a means of constructivist teaching c) Creating Conducive Learning Environment

• The concepts of Diversity, disability and Inclusion, implications of disability as social construct, types of disabilities-their identification and interventions

Concept of School Mental Health, addressing the curative, preventive and promotive dimensions of mental health for all students and staff. Provisioning for guidance and counselling.

Developing School and community as a learning resource.

(d) School Organization and Leadership

• Leader as reflective practitioner, team builder, initiator, coach and mentor.

• Perspectives on School Leadership: instructional, distributed and transformative

• Vision building, goal setting and creating a School development Plan

• Using School Processes and ‌forums for strengthening teaching learning-Annual Calendar, time-tabling, parent teacher forums, school assembly, teacher development forums, using achievement data for improving teaching-learning, School Self Assessment and Improvement

• Creating partnerships with community, industry and other neighbouring schools and Higher Education Institutes— forming learning communities.

(e) Perspectives in Education

. Role of school in achieving aims of education.

.NEP-2020: Early Childhood Care and Education: The Foundation of Learning ; Foundational Literacy and Numeracy; Curriculum and Pedagogy in Schools: Holistic & Integrated Learning; Equitable and Inclusive Education: Learning for All; Competency based learning and Education.

. Guiding Principles for Child Rights, Protecting and provisioning for rights of children to safe and secure school environment, Right of Children to free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009,

. Historically studying the National Policies in education with special reference to school education;

. School Curriculum Principles: Perspective, Learning and Knowledge, Curricular Areas, School Stages — Pedagogy & Assessment.

Part IV – Subject-specific Syllabus — Refer annexure (80 marks)

Note: The interview is of 60 marks (including Demo teaching and interview). The weightage of Written Test, Professional Competency and Interview will be in the ratio of 70:30. Final merit list will be based on the performance of the candidates in Written Test, Professional Competency and Interview.

Subject specific syllabus includes the concepts of NCERT/CBSE syllabus and Text Books (Classes XI & XII), however, the questions will be testing the depth of understanding and application of these concepts at the level of Post- Graduation.

Writing and City Life Iraq, 3rd millennium BCE

• Growth of towns

• Nature of early urban societies

• Historians’ Debate onuses of writing An Empire across Three Continents Roman Empire, 27BCEto600 CE

• Political evolution

• Economic Expansion

• Religion-culture foundation

• Late Antiquity

• Historians’ view on the Institution of Slavery NOMADIC EMPIRES The Mongol, 13th to 14th century

• The nature of nomadism

• Formation of empires

• Conquests and relations with other states

• Historians’ views on nomadic societies and state formation The Three Orders. Western Europe 13th – 16th century

• Feudal society and economy

• Formation of state

• Church and society

• Historians’ views on decline of feudalism Changing Cultural Traditions Europe 14th -17th century

• New ideas and new trends in literature and arts

• Relationship with earlier ideas

• The contribution of West Asia

• Historians’ viewpoint on the validity of the notion ‘European Renaissance Displacing Indigenous People North America and Australia, 18th to 20th century

• European colonists in North America and Australia

• Formation of White Settler societies

• Displacement and repression of local people

• Historians’ viewpoint on the impact of European settlement on indigenous population Paths to Modernization East Asia, late 19th to 20th century

• Militarization and economic growth in Japan

• China and the communist alternative

• Historians’ Debate on the meaning of modernization

BRICKS, BEADS AND BONES The Harappan Civilization •Broad overview: Early urban centers

•Story of discovery: Harappan civilization

•Excerpt: Archaeological report on a major site KINGS, FARMERS AND TOWNS:

•Early States and Economies (c. 600 BCE-600 CE)

•Broad overview: Political and economic History from the Mauryan to the Gupta period

•Story of discovery: Inscriptions and the Decipherment of the script. Shifts in the Understanding of political and economic history.

•Excerpt: Ashokan inscription and Gupta period land grant KINSHIP, CASTE AND CLASS Early Society Societies (C. 600 BCE-600 CE)

•Broad overview: Social Histories: Using the Mahabharata

•Issues in social history, including caste, class, kinship an d gender

•Story of discovery: Transmission and publications of the Mahabharat

•Excerpt: from the Mahabharata, illustrating how it has been used by historians.


Cultural Developments (c. 600 BCE – 600 CE)

•Broad overview: A History of Buddhism: Sanchi Stupa

a) A brief review of religious histories of Vedic religion, Jainism, Vaishnavism, Shaivism (Puranic Hinduism)

b) Focus on Buddhism.

•Story of discovery: Sanchi stupa. Excerpt: Reproduction of sculptures from Sanchi.


Perceptions of Society (tenth to seventeenth century)

•Broad Overview: outlines of social and cultural life as they appear in traveller’s account.

•Story of their writings: A discussion of where they travelled, what they wrote and for whom they wrote.

•Excerpts: from Al Biruni, Ibn Battuta, Francois Bernier.


Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (eighth to eighteenth centuries)

•Broad overview:

a. Outline of religious developments during this period saints.

b. Ideas and practices of the Bhakti-Sufi

•Story of Transmission: How Bhakti-Sufi compositions have been preserved.

•Excerpt: Extracts from selected Bhakti-Sufi works

AN IMPERIAL CAPITAL: VIJAYANAGARA(fourteenth to sixteenth centuries)

•Broad Over View: New Architecture: Hampi

a. Outline of new buildings during Vijayanagar period-temples, forts, irrigation facilities.

b. Relationship between architecture and the political system

•Story of Discovery: Account of how Hampi was found.

•Excerpt: Visuals of buildings at Hampi


seventeenth centuries)

Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire

(c. sixteenth • • • Broad overview: The AiniAkbari

a. Structure of agrarian relations in the 16th and 17th centuries.

b. Patterns of change over the period.

Story of Discovery: Account of the compilation and translation of Ain E Akbari Excerpt: from the AiniAkbari.


Exploring Official Archives • • •

Broad overview: Colonialism and Rural Society: Evidence from Official Reports

a) Life of zamindars, peasants and artisans in the late18thcentury

b). Permanent Settlement, Santhals and Paharias Story of official records: An account of why official Investigations in to rural societies were undertaken and the types of records and reports produce

Excerpts: From Fifth Report

REBELS AND THE RAJ: 1857 Revolt and its Representations

• Broad overview:

a. The eventsof1857 ad to 58.

b. Vision of Unity

c. How these events were recorded and narrated. Focus: Lucknow • •

Excerpts: Pictures of 1857. Extracts from co ntemporary accounts.

MAHATMA GANDHI AND THE NATIONALIST MOVEMENT: • • • Civil Disobedience and Beyond Broad overview:

a. The Nationalist Movement 1918 48.

b. The nature of Gandhian politics and leadership. Focus: Mahatma Gandhi and the three movements and his last days as “finest hours”

Excerpts: Reports from English and Indian language newspapers and other contemporary writings.


The Beginning of a New Era Broad overview:

The Making of the Constitution an overview:

a. Independence and then new nation state.

b. The making of the Constitution Focus: The Constituent Assembly Debates Excerpts: from the debates